A list (from Italian lista "bar, strip of paper") is a "written compilation, list ... of people or things listed from a certain point of view".  The presentation takes place in a uniform form that is repeated for the respective individual content, for example as lines of the same type, often in a fixed sort order ( alphabetically , numerically or chronologically ).
Lists can be created manually (handwritten) or automatically , for example by computer programs (see also report generator ). They are often provided on paper or electronically in formats such as PDF , but may e.g. B. also appear as (part of) the screen content(s). The content is often character-oriented (as text and number fields, also continuous text ), but graphic elements are also possible in lists .
Lists are based on any available information sources, mostly databases in the computer sector . By sorting and structuring the “listed” data/facts, categories can be formed and e.g. B. Group totals and totals are reported. Certain typographical stylistic elements (such as "hanging indentation" , fonts, etc.) can be used for such hierarchically subordinate/superior objects/objects (e.g. customer > order) or for the presentation of special facts (such as totals, error messages) .
The term "list" often appears as a partial term in the designation of specific information collections (list of employees, list of voters, shopping list ...) or generally stands for the way in which data/information is presented in a uniform form and in a continuous sequence. The bandwidth ranges from simple shopping lists to comprehensive directories such as telephone books and much more. a. Self-contained documents/media (list of members, product catalogue) are generally considered to be “lists” . In a narrower sense, however, this also means the form, in which information ('list', consecutively) is presented; it can be contained in other media/documents (book, advertising brochure) or also recursively as a list in a list (orders in the customer list).
Delimitation: In programming , the term “list” also stands for “a concatenated sequence of elements of a given data type ” with a finite number of elements.  These elements can be of different types, see list (data structure) .
Lists provide an overview from a quantitative point of view. They make quantities visible, existing and/or missing; they show what has been achieved as well as what is still missing, right and wrong. Due to their arrangement (hierarchy and sorting), they make it easy to find individual content.
"List" stands for the term under which one understands the provision/representation of information/data that is repeated in the same way. In linguistic usage, other designations or partial designations are often used synonymously for lists, which means that certain essential features or information purposes can be particularly expressed. Examples are:
Numerous other designations are known as synonyms for "list", for example overview, compilation, list, enumeration, listing, proof and much more. a.  
Various of these designations also occur with other word meanings than "list" ( homonyms ). Examples:
Lists can (except for individual lines) optionally consist of several parts, each of which is represented as an individual line type. These are called differently, especially when using computer programs:
(Lfd.Nr Datum Name Betrag …)lines, possibly with highlighted colors/fonts
The number of lines per line type depends on the information details to be displayed, possibly a variable number of lines. The structure (and the sorting) often results from attributes of the data to be listed, for example the customer number, order number, article number, the order date or other time information. If such implicit identifiers are not given, sequential numbering is often used, especially in text-oriented lists. Different forms of numbering are used for entries with a hierarchical structure (see also Article Outline ). Examples:
If the list is created using data processing , such structures can be created with the support of a report generator .
The contents of lists are - except when presented in a random, z. B. existing order in the data carrier - according to a specific sorting sequence . This is often created by a corresponding technical sorting process before the list is created. For example, an order list can be sorted by customer number. It is not uncommon for several 'sorting terms' to be used at the same time – in the example also the order date and the product number. The sorting hierarchy (1, 2, ...) is defined for each sorting term and whether it should be sorted in ascending or descending order.
If the alphabetically or chronologically following element is below in a vertical list, it is called an ascending list or a list sorted in ascending order . Increasing means compliance with the order relation "<" or - if "=" is provided - "<=", e.g. B. according to the lexicographical order . Example:
If, on the other hand, the alphabetically or chronologically following element is above, one speaks of a descending list or a list sorted in descending order, as in the following example:
Sorting specifics :
In order to make list contents manageable and clear, certain stylistic devices are used for numerous issues, especially for lists generated by computer programs , for example and optionally:
Which entries are contained in a list is always determined by a selection made or made beforehand . In an address list, for example, only “Friends” or all addresses can be listed. However, the selection function does not belong to the term "list" in the narrower sense.
A special feature are checklists (actually checklists ) that support a workflow . A checklist contains items with completed and uncompleted activities or checks. Checklists can be part of a so-called Standard Operating Procedures (SOP), see also Questionnaire .
In a broader sense, an overview created using the network plan technique is also a graphically or tabularly prepared list of events or activities that are presented as a function of time and/or events.
The term "list" is used in a number of contexts. Compilations of certain items/persons/objects etc. often have the partial term "list" in their title:
With established meanings, the term "list" is also known in connection with colors :
Other lists with special meaning are known, for example, under the following designations:
In the form of lists, for example, the following information also appears in connection with the Internet :
Examples of non-list would be: